The Basic Rising Form is used to express the natural beauty of materials that grow up vertically toward the sun. The materials are grouped at the center of the container and rise vertically into the space above.

The stems in the arrangement:
The Subject rises tall in the center of the container. It is the main branch of the arrangement and can be a flower, leaf, or branch.
The Object is centered low in the arrangement and bends forward to draw the viewer in. It creates a focal point from which all the other materials rise and can also be a flower, leaf, or branch.
All the other materials used in the arrangement are filler stems and are used to emphasize the beauty of the Subject and Object. How you use the filler stems gives variation and individual character to the overall work.

The red line is the Subject.
The blue line is the Object.
Ikebana - Japanese flower arrangement

Ikebana - Japanese flower arrangement

Length of the main stems
The length of the Subject can be up to twice the length and height of the container.
The length of the Object is 1/3 the length of the Subject.

Length of the filler stems:
The length of the filler stems is free. When looking at each branch or stem, think carefully about its size, and where it will be placed in the arrangement. Cut to a length that will add to the beauty of the Subject and Object, not detract from them. The filler stems must also be arranged within the filler area.

Angle of the main stems:
The Subject can lean within 20 degrees in any direction – front, back, left, right.
The Object leans 45 degrees to the front, and can swing up to 20 degrees to the left or right of center.

The following are a list of possible combinations you can use to make an ikebana arrangement. There are ideas for each season, and there are some combinations that can be used year round, meaning these materials can be found in your flower shop all year round. If they don’t have the materials you would like to use, don’t be afraid to ask your florist if they can order it for you. Many times, they will be more than happy to help you out.

The first material listed is the Subject.
The second material listed is the Object (sometimes more than one option is given for the Object – choose the one you like best).
If there is a third material listed, it is a Filler material.

Rising Form Materials

Two materials:
Flowering plum, mustard flower
Flowering dogwood, anemone or stock or prairie gentian
Tulip, carnation or stock
Larkspur, sweet pea or gerbera daisy
Flowering cherry tree, daffodil or carnation or rose
Flowering redbud tree, daffodil

Three materials:
Fennel, sweet pea, baby’s breath

Two materials:
Allium sphaerocephalum, prairie gentian or dahlia
Cattail, sunflower
Iris ochroleuca, rose or sunflower
Allium gigantium, sunflower

Three materials:
Agapanthus, prairie gentian or carnation or rose, lace flower
Liatris, rose or dahlia or carnation, baby’s breath
Japanese iris, thistle, baby’s breath

Two materials:
Scotch broom, Dendrobium phalaenopsis or cockscomb
Mahonia japonica, cockscomb
Curcuma, rose or dahlia
Chestnut tree, prairie gentian

Three materials:
Pampas grass, cosmos, Great Burnett
Toad lily, dahlia, Great Burnett
Kangaroo paw, gerbera daisy, dracaena godseffiana

Two materials:
Iris, sweet pea
Sword fern, sweet pea
Young pine, chrysanthemum or pincushion
Siberian dogwood, stock or rose
Flowering quince, chrysanthemum or mustard flower
Mitsumata, poinsettia or rose or gerbera
S. sachalinensis “Sekka”, chrysanthemum or rose

Three materials:
Pussy willow, rose, baby’s breath

Year Round
Two materials:
Calla lily, rose or carnation
Bird of paradise, dracaena “Song of India” or “Song of Jamaica”
New Zealand flax, rose or carnation or chrysanthemum
Trumpet lily, rose
Dendrobium phalaenopsis, stock
Bird’s nest fern “Emerald Wave”, gerbera daisy

Three materials:
Liatris, rose, baby’s breath

Ikebana - Japanese flower arrangement

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Ikebana Online Lesson

Ikebana is the ancient Japanese art of flower arrangement

The practice of ikebana can also be a meditative process

The time spent in communication with the materials in ikebana provides a respite from today’s stressful and busy lives

Ikebana is different from Western floral arrangements in its use of empty space and asymmetrical forms
Please have lots of fun in ikebana