The Inclining Form Variation
The Inclining Form Variation, like the Basic Inclining Form, is used to express the natural beauty
of materials that grow out horizontally above the earth. The materials
are grouped on either the left or right side of the container and extend
out over the surface of the water. The surface of the water is exposed
and becomes a part of the overall arrangement.
The stems in the arrangement:
The Subject extends out horizontally from either the left of right side of the container.
It is the main branch of the arrangement and can be a flower, leaf, or
The Object is centered low in the arrangement and tilts forward to draw the viewer
in. It creates a focal point from which all the other materials rise and
can also be a flower, leaf, or branch.
All of the other materials used in the arrangement are Filler stems and are used to emphasize the beauty of not only the Subject and Object, but also the surface of the water. How you use the Filler stems gives variation and individual character to the overall work.
Length of the main stems:
The length of the Subject should be around 1 ½ times the length and height of the container.
The length of the Object is 1/3 the length of the Subject.
Angle of the main stems:
The Subject can be placed anywhere within the green shaded 135° area shown above – make sure it extends out to the side where the surface of the water is exposed. It can incline down anywhere from 60 to 90 degrees. Look carefully at your Subject material to find the best position.
The Object leans 45 degrees to the front, and can swing up to 20 degrees to the left
or right of center.
Length of the filler stems:
The length of the Filler stems is free. When looking at each branch or stem, think carefully about its size, and where it will be placed in the arrangement. Cut a length that will add to the beauty of the Subject and Object, not detract from them.
The Filler stems must also be arranged within the Filler Area (the green shaded area
in the diagram above). Note that the filler area is very narrow on the
opposite side of the Subject – it extends out to only 1/3 the length of
The list of materials for the Basic Rising Form can also be used for the Rising Form Variation.
Tulip, foxtail fern (Asparagus cochinchinensis)
Thunberg’s spirea, sweet pea or anemone or rose
Sword fern, anemone or carnation or Ranunculus
Freesia, foxtail fern (Asparagus cochinchinensis) or sweet pea or rose
New Zealand flax, rose, baby’s breath (Gypsophila)
Monstera, carnation or rose, misty blue or lace flower
Italian ruscus, carnation or gerbera daisy or rose
Kookaburra, sunflower or pincushion
Allium sphaerocephalum, prairie gentian
Snake plant (Sansevieria), begonia or geranium
Gladiola, sunflower or dahlia
Anthurium, rose, baby’s breath (Gypsophila)
Sandersonia, Gloriosa, lace flower
Toad lily, small chrysanthemum
Chestnut, cockscomb or dahlia or gentian
Japanese rosehip, cockscomb or rose or Oriental lily
Bittersweet, gentian, small carnation
Quince (with fruit), cockscomb, spray chrysanthemum
Kangaroo paw, rose
Fasciated willow, amaryllis
Bare branches, Asiatic lily or Oriental lily
Flowering quince, chrysanthemum or ping-pong chrusanthemum
Pine, spider chrysanthemum or rose
Pussy willow, gerbera daisy, Asparagus myriocladus
Palm fern, lily, Solidago
Dracaena godseffiana, gerbera daisy or anthurium
Dracaena “Song of India”, rose
Bird’s nest fern, rose or carnation or chrysanthemum
Sword fern, Dendrobium, baby’s breath (gypsophila)