The Rising Form in a Vase
Like the Basic Rising Form in a container, the Basic Rising Form in a vase is used to express the natural beauty of materials that grow up vertically toward the sun. However, when creating an arrangement in a vase, no kenzan is used; new techniques are used to position the materials. These new skills will also be used to create Heika and Bunjin arrangements in the future.
In an arrangement in a bowl container, the materials are inserted along the centerline of the kenzan. In an arrangement in a vase, the materials are positioned close together near the front edge of the vase, giving the appearance that the materials are sprouting from one place. This is called nejimari in Japanese, and is very important in a vase arrangement. Another point to keep in mind is that the materials are always positioned in the center of the container.
The stems in the arrangement:
The Subject rises tall from the center of the container. It is the main branch of the arrangement and can be a flower, leaf, or branch.
The Object is centered low in the front of the arrangement, leaning forward to draw the viewer in and hide the mouth of the container -- nejimari. It creates a focal point from which all the other materials rise and can also be a flower, leaf, or branch.
All other stems in the arrangement are Filler stems. These are used to emphasize the beauty of the Subject and Object. How you use the filler stems gives variation and individual character to the overall work.
The red line is the Subject.
The blue line is the Object.
The green area is the Filler Area.
Length and position of the main stems
Subject – up to twice the height of the vase in an upright position that can lean in any direction up to 20°
Object – 1/3 the length of the Subject slanting forward 45° and can lean up to 20° to the left or right of the Subject
NOTE: The lengths above are the length of the stems that extend outside the vase. You also have to include the length of the stem that will be inside the vase – the appropriate length is the standard measurement above plus the portion inside the vase.
Length and position of the Filler stems
The length of the Filler stems is free and can be positioned anywhere inside the green Filler Area in the diagram above. When looking at each branch or stem, think carefully about its size, and where it will be placed in the arrangement. Cut to a length that will add to the beauty of the Subject and Object, not detract from them.
Flowering plum, mustard flower
Flowering dogwood, anemone or stock or prairie gentian
Tulip, carnation or stock
Larkspur, sweet pea or gerbera daisy
Flowering cherry tree, daffodil or carnation or rose
Flowering redbud tree, daffodil
Fennel, sweet pea, baby’s breath
Allium sphaerocephalum, prairie gentian or dahlia
Iris ochroleuca, rose or sunflower
Allium gigantium, sunflower
Agapanthus, prairie gentian or carnation or rose, lace flower
Liatris, rose or dahlia or carnation, baby’s breath
Japanese iris, thistle, baby’s breath
Scotch broom, Dendrobium phalaenopsis or cockscomb
Mahonia japonica, cockscomb
Curcuma, rose or dahlia
Chestnut tree, prairie gentian
Pampas grass, cosmos, Great Burnett
Toad lily, dahlia, Great Burnett
Kangaroo paw, gerbera daisy, dracaena godseffiana
Iris, sweet pea
Sword fern, sweet pea
Young pine, chrysanthemum or pincushion
Siberian dogwood, stock or rose
Flowering quince, chrysanthemum or mustard flower
Mitsumata, poinsettia or rose or gerbera
S. sachalinensis “Sekka”, chrysanthemum or rose
Pussy willow, rose, baby’s breath
Calla lily, rose or carnation
Bird of paradise, dracaena “Song of India” or “Song of Jamaica”
New Zealand flax, rose or carnation or chrysanthemum
Trumpet lily, rose
Dendrobium phalaenopsis, stock
Bird’s nest fern “Emerald Wave”, gerbera daisy
Liatris, rose, baby’s breath